Sushant Singh Rajput’s tragic demise last month has once against kickstarted the much-needed conversations around nepotism in Bollywood. Fans are still raging about losing a talented and self-made actor while other actors in the industry are opening up about their own experiences with nepotism and the casting couch. While there haven’t been any remarkable changes in the way the industry functions, SSR’s brother-in-law has found a unique way to keep the conversations around nepotism going. He has launched a new test called Nepometer, which provides scores and ratings on nepotistic and independent Bollywood movies and television series, with regards to the film’s cast and crew. See how the upcoming film Sadak 2 has fared on the nepometer:

Nepometer is one of the many tests that talks about representation in cinema. Here are a few popular ones that you need to know about:

The Bechdel Test

One of the most famous tests that addresses gender equality and intersectionality in cinema, the Bechdel Test has three basic criteria – the movie must have at least two female characters, the characters must have names, and these characters must speak to each other about something other than or unrelated to a man or male character. Hindi films that qualify in the Bechdel test include Neerja, Queen, Khoobsurat, and Secret Superstar.

The DuVernay Test

Named after acclaimed filmmaker Ava DuVernay, this test was founded by Manohla Dargis who coined it as the ‘Bechdel test for race’. The test indicates that a film must include a minority character with a ‘fully realized’ life and his/her own desires, rather than simply serving as a background character for a more dominant white character. Some examples of Hollywood movies that pass this test include Straight Outta Compton and Beasts of No Nation.

The Ko Test

Founded by Naomi Ko, this test speaks about gender quality on a broader spectrum, including transgender female characters. The test indicates that a movie must feature a non-white, female-identifying person who speaks English and has dialogues in at least five scenes. Some of the recent films that pass this test include Moana, Bad Moms, and Hidden Figures.

The Landau Test

Instead of focusing on what a movie must have, this test focusses on what a movie should not represent. Founded by Noga Landau, it indicates that a film must include a main female character who does not end up dead, pregnant, or cause a problem for a male protagonist. Films that pass this test include Ghostbusters, X-Men: Apocalypse, and Sully.

The Vito Russo Test

This test was founded by GLAAD (Gay & Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation) and includes three criteria – the movie must contain an LGBTQIA character, the character must not be defined by their gender identity or sexual orientation, and the character must be important enough to affect the plot, not merely exist for a comedy or ‘woke’ effect. Movies that pass this test include Call Me By Your Name, Downton Abbey, and The Imitation Game.

So next time you watch a film, keep an eye out to see if it passes all of the above tests. Representation is the need of the hour and we must embrace films that give us real stories of diversity.